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ERIC Number: EJ1140173
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0040-0599
Color-Coded Graphic Organizers for Teaching Writing to Students with Learning Disabilities
Ewoldt, Kathy B.; Morgan, Joseph John
TEACHING Exceptional Children, v49 n3 p175-184 Jan-Feb 2017
A commonly used method for supporting the writing of students with learning disabilities (LD), graphic organizers have been shown to effectively support instruction for students with LD in a variety of content areas (Dexter & Hughes, 2011). Students with LD often struggle with the process of developing their ideas into organized sentences; the integration of graphic organizers as a support tool has been found to be effective (Baker, Gersten, & Graham, 2003; Dexter & Hughes, 2011; Englert, Zhao, Dunsmore, Collings, & Wolbers, 2007). Graphic organizers provide visual representations of abstract concepts and ideas that are the focus of writing. The organized ideas in the graphic representations are then built into complete sentences, and further developed into paragraphs as the writer moves from the prewriting to drafting steps of the writing process. Color coding visual organizers provides another layer of support for writing development. Specifically, by adding color to the graphic organizers, students create another level of organization that vividly displays relationships between undeveloped ideas and complete sentences in the paragraph. This article describes a color-coded graphic organizer designed for students who have LD or writing difficulties in intermediate elementary school grades (i.e., Grades 3-5). This graphic organizer is designed to provide students with an introduction to the connection between brainstorming and drafting an informative or explanatory paragraph about a specific topic.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A