ERIC Number: EJ1139802
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Rising Mercury, Rising Hostility: How Heat Affects Survey Response
Cohen, Alexander H.; Krueger, James S.
Field Methods, v28 n2 p133-152 May 2016
Recent social scientific research has examined connections between public opinion and weather conditions. This article contributes to this literature by analyzing the relationship between high temperature and survey response. Because hot temperatures are associated with aggression, irritation, and negativity, such conditions should lead to the expression of aggression, irritation, and negativity in survey response. This relationship is tested in a likely realm: feelings about policies relating to racial minorities. Data are drawn from the National Climatic Data Center and the 2010 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. Logistic regressions demonstrate that even after controlling for demographic and geographic factors, average daily temperatures above 74°F are associated with preferences for a stricter immigration policy as well as against permissive affirmative action policies. Acknowledging the role of this contextual variable reduces nonrandom error in estimates of public opinion on these issues.
Descriptors: Heat, Surveys, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Climate, Regression (Statistics), Social Attitudes, Immigration, Affirmative Action, Correlation, Minority Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
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