ERIC Number: EJ1139718
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Men and Women in Childcare: A Study of Caregiver-Child Interactions
van Polanen, Marleen; Colonnesi, Cristina; Tavecchio, Louis W. C.; Blokhuis, Susanne; Fukkink, Ruben G.
European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, v25 n3 p412-424 2017
In this observational study, male and female professional caregivers' (n = 42) levels of sensitivity and stimulation toward three-year-old children (n = 42) were observed in a semi-structured play situation. Further, sex roles of male and female caregivers were examined with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). Male and female caregivers showed the same levels of attention, sensitivity, and stimulation toward boys and girls. Furthermore, all caregivers were classified as feminine or androgynous, but not masculine. Only for female caregivers was a positive relation found between higher levels of femininity and more stimulation of girls. Taken together, these findings provide evidence that male and female staff in childcare share similar interaction styles and sex roles. However, our findings suggest that caregivers' sex roles should be included in future research as well as in the debate on men in childcare.
Descriptors: Child Care, Child Caregivers, Gender Differences, Sex Role, Young Children, Caregiver Child Relationship, Personality Measures, Femininity, Masculinity, Interaction, Sex Stereotypes, Foreign Countries, Observation, Video Technology, Play, Coding, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bem Sex Role Inventory