ERIC Number: EJ1139699
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Response of School Districts to the New York State Concussion Awareness and Management Act: Review of Policies and Procedures
Kajankova, Maria; Oswald, Jennifer M.; Terranova, Lauren M.; Kaplen, Michael V.; Ambrose, Anne F.; Spielman, Lisa A.; Gordon, Wayne A.
Journal of School Health, v87 n6 p409-415 Jun 2017
Background: By 2014, all states implemented concussion laws that schools must translate into daily practice; yet, limited knowledge exists regarding implementation of these laws. We examined the extent to which concussion management policies and procedure (P&P) documents of New York State school districts comply with the State's Concussion Awareness and Management Act (the Act). We also aimed to identify barriers to compliance. Methods: Forty-seven school districts provided P&P documents. We examined compliance with the Act and the relationship between compliance and each district's demographics. Results: Compliance varied across school districts, with higher overall compliance in large city school districts compared to county districts. However, there was low compliance for several critical items. We found no statistically significant relationship between compliance and demographics. Conclusions: School districts need to increase compliance with concussion legislation to ensure the adequate implementation necessary for the law to impact health and educational outcomes. The results provide important information to individuals charged with the responsibility of implementation and ultimately reducing the negative outcomes associated with brain injuries in schools.
Descriptors: School Districts, State Legislation, Program Implementation, Educational Practices, State Policy, Policy Analysis, Trauma, Knowledge Level, Familiarity, Compliance (Legal), Demography, Injuries, Consciousness Raising
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR) (DHHS/ACL)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A