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ERIC Number: EJ1139622
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
School and Neighborhood Predictors of Physical Fitness in Elementary School Students
Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L.
Journal of School Health, v87 n6 p448-456 Jun 2017
Background: We assessed the associations of 5 school and 7 neighborhood variables with fifth-grade students achieving Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or Needs Improvement-Health Risk (NI-HR) on aerobic capacity (AC) and body composition (BC) physical fitness components of the state-mandated FITNESSGRAM® physical fitness test. Methods: Data for outcome (physical fitness) and predictor (school and neighborhood) variables were extracted from various databases (eg, Data Quest, Walk Score®) for 160 schools located in San Diego, California. Predictor variables that were at least moderately correlated (|r| = .30) with =1 outcome variables in univariate analyses were retained for ordinary least squares regression analyses. Results: The mean percentages of students achieving HFZ AC (65.7%) and BC (63.5%) were similar (t = 1.13, p = 0.26), while those for NI-HR zones were significantly different (AC = 6.0% vs BC = 18.6%; t = 12.60, p < 0.001). Correlations were greater in magnitude for school than neighborhood demographics and stronger for BC than AC. The school variables free/reduced-price lunch (negative) and math achievement (positive) predicted fitness scores. Among neighborhood variables, percent Hispanic predicted failure of meeting the HFZ BC criterion. Conclusions: Creating school and neighborhood environments conducive to promoting physical activity and improving fitness is warranted.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (San Diego)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A