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ERIC Number: EJ1139538
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
Cultivating American- and Japanese-Style Relatedness through Mother-Child Conversation
Crane, Lauren Shapiro; Fernald, Anne
Discourse Processes: A multidisciplinary journal, v54 n4 p317-337 2017
This study investigated whether European American and Japanese mothers' speech to preschoolers contained exchange- and alignment-oriented structures that reflect and possibly support culture-specific models of self-other relatedness. In each country 12 mothers were observed in free play with their 3-year-olds. Maternal speech was coded for linguistic framing and frame-function mapping, using a cross-linguistically informed coding scheme rooted in aspects of English and Japanese grammar. American and Japanese mothers were remarkably similar in the number of queries, declaratives, and imperatives they produced. At the same time, Americans tended to verbally frame the mother-child relationship in terms of idea exchange between allies with individual perspectives, whereas Japanese tended to frame it in terms of mutually shared points of view. These significant findings are consistent with the idea of independent and interdependent self-schemas in the United States and Japan and suggest that language socialization might contribute to the development of American- and Japanese-style relatedness models.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan; California (San Francisco)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A