ERIC Number: EJ1139475
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
The Memorability of People: Intrinsic Memorability across Transformations of a Person's Face
Bainbridge, Wilma A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v43 n5 p706-716 May 2017
When encountering new people for a brief instant, some seem to last in our memories while others are quickly forgotten. "Memorability"-whether a stimulus is likely to be later remembered-is highly consistent across different group of observers; people tend to remember and forget the same face images. However, is memorability intrinsic to just the picture of a face, or to a person's identity, generalizable across views and emotions? Thousands of participants completed an online experiment testing face identity recognition over five different emotional and viewpoint transformations (neutral, happy, angry, 3/4 view, and profile view). Memorability was found to be highly consistent within each image, as well as across transformations--if a face was remembered in one image, it was also likely to be remembered in another. Most other face attributes, including what participants "thought" would be memorable, did not show consistency within an identity. Overall, these results support the existence of memorability as a uniquely intrinsic, core attribute to a person, stable across images.
Descriptors: Memory, Human Body, Recognition (Psychology), Correlation, Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli, Identification
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts