ERIC Number: EJ1139447
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Sensitivity to Morphosyntactic Information in 3-Year-Old Children with Typical Language Development: A Feasibility Study
Deevy, Patricia; Leonard, Laurence B.; Marchman, Virginia A.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n3 p668-674 Mar 2017
Purpose: This study tested the feasibility of a method designed to assess children's sensitivity to tense/agreement information in fronted auxiliaries during online comprehension of questions (e.g., "Are the nice little dogs running?"). We expected that a group of children who were proficient in auxiliary use would show this sensitivity, indicating an awareness of the relation between the subject-verb sequence (e.g., "dogs running") and preceding information (e.g., "are"). Failure to grasp this relation is proposed to play a role in the protracted inconsistency in auxiliary use in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Fifteen 3-year-old typically developing children who demonstrated proficiency in auxiliary use viewed pairs of pictures showing a single agent and multiple agents while hearing questions with or without an agreeing fronted auxiliary. Proportion looking to the target was measured. Results: Children showed anticipatory looking on the basis of the number information contained in the auxiliary ("is" or "are"). Conclusions: The children tested in this study represent a group that frequently serves as a comparison for older children with SLI. Because the method successfully demonstrated their sensitivity to tense/agreement information in questions, future research that involves direct comparisons of these 2 groups is warranted.
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Grammar, Morphemes, Morphology (Languages), Correlation, Role, Pictorial Stimuli, Task Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Toddlers, Language Acquisition
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. 2200 Research Blvd #250, Rockville, MD 20850. Tel: 301-296-5700; Fax: 301-296-8580; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://jslhr.pubs.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R21DC13334