ERIC Number: EJ1139424
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Crafting Miniature Students in the Early Years: Schooling for Desirable Childhoods in East Asia
Lee, I.-Fang; Yelland, Nicola J.
International Journal of Early Childhood, v49 n1 p39-56 Apr 2017
This paper explores the concept of miniature students to interrogate the ways in which early childhood care and education systems in East Asian countries are being constructed. Experiences drawn from working in the Hong Kong education system and observations of teaching and researching in Hong Kong have enabled an analysis about the ways in which young children are conceptualized, normalized, and governed from the beginning of preschool. The purpose of the analysis presented is not to create an alternative grand narrative of childhood or studenthood, but rather to explicate the ways in which young children are being shaped into miniature students from the beginning of their (in)formal educational experiences. A post-structuralist lens is used to explore the ways in which this concept has become manifested within the context of a privatized system, regulated by government and supported by new forms of funding to increase participation. Going beyond the geopolitical space of Asia, the making of miniature students can also be observed in many other countries in which governments focus on "rigorous" assessment schemes or systems that are considered to result in improved high stakes test scores. The making of miniature students is perpetuated by a drive by governments toward narrow education outcomes.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Care, Preschool Education, Child Development, Young Children, School Readiness, Postmodernism
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong; Asia