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ERIC Number: EJ1139380
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1931-7913
"Integrating Concepts in Biology" Textbook Increases Learning: Assessment Triangulation Using Concept Inventory, Card Sorting, and MCAT Instruments, Followed by Longitudinal Tracking
Luckie, Douglas B.; Hoskinson, Anne-Marie; Griffin, Caleigh E.; Hess, Andrea L.; Price, Katrina J.; Tawa, Alex; Thacker, Samantha M.
CBE - Life Sciences Education, v16 n2 Article 20 p1-10 Jun 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the educational impact of an intervention, the inquiry-focused textbook "Integrating Concepts in Biology" ("ICB"), when used in a yearlong introductory biology course sequence. Student learning was evaluated using three published instruments: 1) The Biology Concept Inventory probed depth of student mastery of fundamental concepts in organismal and cellular topics when confronting misconceptions as distractors. "ICB" students had higher gains in all six topic categories (+43% vs. peers overall, p < 0.01). 2) The Biology Card Sorting Task assessed whether students organized biological ideas more superficially, as novices do, or based on deeper concepts, like experts. The frequency with which "ICB" students connected deep-concept pairs, or triplets, was similar to peers; but deep understanding of structure/function was much higher (for pairs: 77% vs. 25%, p < 0.01). 3) A content-focused Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) posttest compared "ICB" student content knowledge with that of peers from 15 prior years. Historically, MCAT performance for each semester ranged from 53% to 64%; the "ICB" cohort scored 62%, in the top quintile. Longitudinal tracking in five upper-level science courses the following year found "ICB" students outperformed peers in physiology (85% vs. 80%, p < 0.01).
American Society for Cell Biology. 8120 Woodmont Avenue Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20814-2762. Tel: 301-347-9300; Fax: 301-347-9310; e-mail:; Website:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Michigan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Medical College Admission Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A