ERIC Number: EJ1139269
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
Psychosocial Keys to African American Achievement? Examining the Relationship between Achievement and Psychosocial Variables in High Achieving African Americans
Dixson, Dante D.; Roberson, Cyrell C. B.; Worrell, Frank C.
Journal of Advanced Academics, v28 n2 p120-140 May 2017
Grit, growth mindset, ethnic identity, and other group orientation are four psychosocial variables that have been associated with academic achievement in adolescent populations. In a sample of 105 high achieving African American high school students (cumulative grade point average [GPA] > 3.0), we examined whether these four psychosocial variables contributed to the achievement of high achieving African Americans beyond the contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and other demographic variables. Results indicated that the psychosocial variables were not significant predictors of academic achievement for the high achieving African American students in this sample. However, SES was a significant predictor of the academic achievement with a medium effect size. These findings suggest that interventions focused on grit, growth mindset, ethnic identity, and other group orientation may not be as effective as hypothesized.
Descriptors: African American Students, Correlation, Psychological Patterns, Social Influences, High Achievement, High School Students, Socioeconomic Status, Predictor Variables, Persistence, Intervention, Racial Identification, Student Attitudes, Academic Ability, Intelligence, Student Characteristics, Racial Relations, Student Surveys, Statistical Analysis, Ethnicity, Self Concept Measures, Regression (Statistics), Grade Point Average
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure