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ERIC Number: EJ1139165
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Instructional Tactics That Facilitate Inclusion: Are We Doing Successful Inclusion in Secondary Classrooms?
Bender, William N.; Boon, Richard T.; Hinrichs, Joe Ann; Lawson, Carl, Sr.
Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, p5-17 Sum 2008
While inclusive educational placements have become the bedrock of national policy, there are questions concerning support for inclusion among both general and special educators. Further little is known concerning what instructional tactics teachers are actually using in their classes to facilitate inclusion. Ninety-one teachers from grades kindergarten through high school, teaching in either general or special education positions, completed three questionnaires; (a) a demographics measure, (b) a questionnaire on their use of effective instructional strategies that facilitate inclusion, and (c) an attitude scale. Results suggest that attitudes toward inclusion among both general and special educators are less than positive, indicating that special educators may not be strong advocates of inclusive class practices. However, more positive attitudes toward inclusion among middle school teachers were related to increased use of instructional tactics much less frequently than elementary school teachers, suggesting that additional professional development on effective inclusion tactics may be necessary for teachers in the higher grade levels in order to facilitate effective inclusion.
Descriptors: Inclusion, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Special Education, Questionnaires, Educational Strategies, Elementary School Teachers, Middle School Teachers, Correlation, Disabilities, Likert Scales
American Academy of Special Education Professionals. 3642 East Sunnydale Drive, Chandler Heights, AZ 85142. Tel: 800-754-4421; Fax: 800-424-0371; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.aasep.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Elementary Education; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A