ERIC Number: EJ1139131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Long-Term Consequences of Early Sexual Initiation on Young Adult Health: A Causal Inference Approach
Kugler, Kari C.; Vasilenko, Sara A.; Butera, Nicole M.; Coffman, Donna L.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v37 n5 p662-676 May 2017
Although early sexual initiation has been linked to negative outcomes, it is unknown whether these effects are causal. In this study, we use propensity score methods to estimate the causal effect of early sexual initiation on young adult sexual risk behaviors and health outcomes using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We found that early sexual initiation predicted having two or more partners (for both males and females) and having a sexually transmitted infection in the past year (females only) but did not predict depressive symptoms in the past week (for either gender). These results underscore the importance of continued programmatic efforts to delay age of sexual initiation, particularly for females.
Descriptors: Sexuality, Young Adults, Adolescents, Probability, Health Behavior, At Risk Persons, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gender Differences, Depression (Psychology), Secondary School Students, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12, National Surveys, Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools; Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
Grant or Contract Numbers: P01HD31921; P50DA010075; P50DA039898; KL2TR000126; R03HD079711; K01ES025437