NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1139075
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1939-4225
A Critique of Kirkpatrick's Evaluation Model
Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Rocco, Tonette S.; Smith, Douglas H.; Chang, Elegance
New Horizons in Adult Education & Human Resource Development, v29 n2 p35-53 Spr 2017
Donald Kirkpatrick published a series of articles originating from his doctoral dissertation in the late 1950s describing a four-level training evaluation model. From its beginning, it was easily understood and became one of the most influential evaluation models impacting the field of HRD. While well received and popular, the Kirkpatrick model has been challenged and criticized by scholars, researchers, and practitioners, many of whom developed their models using Kirkpatrick's theoretical framework. This article reviews several evaluation models, and also presents empirical studies utilizing the four levels, collectively demonstrating the usefulness of, but the difficulty in, implementing all four levels.
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A