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ERIC Number: EJ1138880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jul
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1741-1432
School as a Loosely Coupled Organization? An Empirical Examination Using National SASS 2003-04 Data
Shen, Jianping; Gao, Xingyuan; Xia, Jiangang
Educational Management Administration & Leadership, v45 n4 p657-681 Jul 2017
The notion of schools as "loosely coupled" organizations has been widely discussed in the research literature. Many argue it is either a protective mechanism for schools to buffer external pressure or a barrier for implementing new reforms. Against the backdrop of systemic change and accountability, we applied a two-level hierarchical linear model to nationally representative data in the US, testing the "loosely coupled" theory through examining the association between data-informed improvement efforts at the school level and data-informed instruction at the classroom level. Statistically significant associations were identified but with a small proportion of variance explained, indicating that the top-down systemic change strategy failed to tighten the system as intended. Alternatively, bottom-up strategies, such as professional learning communities, which operate under the assumption of working with loose coupling, should be considered.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Schools and Staffing Survey (NCES)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A