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ERIC Number: EJ1138523
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1381-2890
Teachers' and Students' Needs for Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness as Predictors of Students' Achievement
Marshik, Tesia; Ashton, Patricia T.; Algina, James
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v20 n1 p39-67 Mar 2017
Self-determination theory and research suggest that students are more motivated and have higher achievement when teachers support their psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness. However, teachers might have difficulty supporting their students' psychological needs if their own psychological needs are not met, which might affect students' need satisfaction and ultimately their achievement. We explored this possibility by testing hierarchical models of the relationships of teachers' and students' psychological need satisfaction, and students' reading achievement in third and fifth grades using multilevel analysis for complex survey data. Participants consisted of 10,395 third-grade students and their teachers, in the Educational Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database. Results showed that teachers who report having low autonomy at work (i.e., those who report that they lack the autonomy to influence school policy and/or to choose how and what they teach, and/or those who perceive that administrative duties and paperwork interfere with their teaching) are less likely to support their students' need for autonomy compared to teachers who report having higher autonomy at work. Also teachers' support of their students' autonomy and their students' perceptions of academic competence were positively related to students' reading achievement in both 3rd and 5th grades. In contrast, students' relatedness to peers was negatively related to their reading achievement in both 3rd and 5th grades. This study provides evidence indicating the potential importance of supporting teachers' autonomy to enable them to enhance the autonomy of their students and ultimately their students' reading achievement.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A