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ERIC Number: EJ1138441
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-2331-186X
The Influence of Mother Tongue and Gender on the Acquisition of English (L2). The Case of Afrikaans in Windhoek Schools, Namibia
van Wyk, Jacolynn; Mostert, Maria Louise
Cogent Education, v3 n1 Article 1210997 2016
This study investigated the effect of mother tongue instruction and gender on second language acquisition using a causal-comparative quantitative research design. The two distinguishing groups compared were (i) learners that were taught in their mother tongue (Afrikaans) and (ii) learners that were not taught in their mother tongue but in English, from grades 1 to 3. The dependent variable was the second language acquisition that was accounted for by the learners' performance in grade 5 in three tests: a vocabulary, a syntax and an oral communication test. The sample included 2 schools in Windhoek and a total of 70 learners, with 35 learners that had Afrikaans as medium of instruction, and 35 learners that had English as medium of instruction from grades 1 to 3. The study aimed to shed some light on the ongoing debate as to whether mother tongue instruction or immersion in L2 is more beneficial for the child's second language acquisition and competence. Although clear differences between the two language groups were found with regard to their English proficiency in grade 5, these differences were not statistically significant. With regard to gender, clear differences were also found and most of these differences were statistically significant.
Cogent OA. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Namibia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A