ERIC Number: EJ1138340
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
Simple Interactions: Piloting a Strengths-Based and Interaction-Based Professional Development Intervention for Out-of-School Time Programs
Akiva, Thomas; Li, Junlei; Martin, Kelly M.; Horner, Christy Galletta; McNamara, Anne R.
Child & Youth Care Forum, v46 n3 p285-305 Jun 2017
Background: Adult-child relational interactions constitute an essential component of out-of-school-time programs, and training staff to effectively interact with children is key to improving program quality. Efficient staff training, that meets the limited time availability of out-of-school time staff, is particularly needed. Objective: This pilot study introduces Simple Interactions (SI), an innovative, strengths-based, and interaction-based professional development approach. Rather than attempting to teach generic competencies or targeting weakness areas for improvement, SI is designed to help program staff build from their strengths. Methods: In two cohorts over the course of 10 months, ten afterschool programs (N = 70 staff) participated in a pilot of SI. Program staff watched short video clips of themselves working with children and used the intuitive, 1-page SI Tool to guide discussion of adult-child interactions; specifically, connection (affective intune-ness), reciprocity (balanced roles of engagement), participation (involving all children), and progression (incremental challenge). Results: Results suggest that participants valued the professional development process, the strengths-based approach, and the use of self-video despite initial apprehension, and reported perceived improvements in their professional learning communities. Pre-post videos of Cohort 2 staff (n = 20), coded blind to time point (pre or post), indicate significant and substantive improvements in staff-child connection, reciprocity, and participation. Conclusion: These results support the use of this simple, practical, and potentially effective model of supporting quality improvement for and by local staff.
Descriptors: Professional Development, After School Programs, Pilot Projects, Cohort Analysis, Classroom Observation Techniques, Video Technology, Teacher Student Relationship, Intervention, Interaction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A