ERIC Number: EJ1138236
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Why Do Chinese Students Out-Perform Those from the West? Do Approaches to Learning Contribute to the Explanation?
Cogent Education, v3 n1 Article 1248187 2016
One of the major current issues in education is the question of why Chinese and East Asian students are outperforming those from Western countries. Research into the approaches to learning of Chinese students revealed the existence of intermediate approaches, combining memorising and understanding, which were distinct from rote learning. At the time, research into the paradox of the Chinese learner was content to establish that the approaches were not consistent with a surface approach and there was, therefore, no reason to anticipate the inferior learning outcomes associated with the approach. This article takes the analysis further to discuss whether the intermediate approaches could be advantageous for academic performance and could contribute to the superior performance, especially in mathematics, of Chinese students. Learning approaches are re-formulated as a continuum between pure surface and deep poles characterised by the presence of understanding and memorisation in the intention and strategy and in the sequence of their use. Evidence is presented of more frequent use by East Asian students of the approaches in the centre of the continuum which make the most use of meaningful memorisation, particularly when it precedes understanding. It is, therefore, possible that East Asian students are more likely to have memorised a knowledge base which enables them to perform better in comparative testing.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Learning Strategies, Cross Cultural Studies, Factor Structure, Memorization, Qualitative Research, Evidence, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China