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ERIC Number: EJ1137796
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0973
The Effect of Subconscious Performance Goals on Academic Performance
Bipp, Tanja; Kleingeld, Ad; van Mierlo, Heleen; Kunde, Wilfried
Journal of Experimental Education, v85 n3 p469-485 2017
We investigated the impact of subconscious goals on academic performance in two field experiments. We show that unobtrusive priming of goals with regard to achievement motivation by means of a photograph improves performance in different educational contexts. High-school students who were exposed to an achievement-related photograph achieved higher grades than students in two control conditions. This effect was not affected by students' prior performance. University students exposed to a photograph representing a specific, difficult goal reached even higher performance than students taking the exam with a general achievement photograph. For practice, subconscious goals may form a powerful, cost-effective tool to enhance academic performance. However, varying results across the experiments also prompt the need for further investigations of such effects.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany