ERIC Number: EJ1137737
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
Calibration between Undergraduate Students' Prediction of and Actual Performance: The Role of Gender and Performance Attributions
Gutierrez, Antonio P.; Price, Addison F.
Journal of Experimental Education, v85 n3 p486-500 2017
This study investigated changes in male and female students' prediction and postdiction calibration accuracy and bias scores, and the predictive effects of explanatory styles on these variables beyond gender. Seventy undergraduate students rated their confidence in performance before and after a 40-item exam. There was an improvement in students' bias between prediction and postdiction judgments, although male students' decrease in bias was greater than female students. Female students' accuracy remained stable from prediction to postdiction, and male students exhibited greater accuracy then females. Additionally, the task centered and student centered testing styles positively predicted students' accuracy while the social centered style was a negative predictor, beyond the effect of gender. In addition, no attribution was a significant predictor of bias.
Descriptors: Prediction, Undergraduate Students, Sex Role, Males, Females, Metacognition, Introductory Courses, Educational Psychology, Multivariate Analysis, Questionnaires, Gender Bias, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A