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ERIC Number: EJ1137539
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2222-1735
Age- and Gender-Related Change in Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Some Educational Suggestions
Erdem, Emrullah; Soylu, Yasin
Journal of Education and Practice, v8 n7 p116-127 2017
Does the mathematical reasoning ability develop with increase in age? How is mathematical reasoning ability differing according to gender? The current study is trying to find answers to these two questions. The study using cross-sectional design, was conducted with 409 (8th, 9th and 10th grade) students attending middle school and high school in different provinces of Turkey from different socio-economic environments. Mathematical Reasoning Test (MRT) was used for the data collection. Independent groups t-test was applied in order to analyse the relationship between mathematical reasoning and gender, and additionally ANOVA test was used to determine the differences between grade levels. The analysis shows that as the age increases mathematical reasoning develops and male students perform significantly better than female students in mathematical reasoning. It is very important to (a) take encouraging steps to ensure that women are interested in mathematics instead of discouraging attitudes in society, and (b) expose students to higher-level problems in open-ended format without answer options over grades in order to improve their mathematical reasoning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 9; High Schools; Grade 10
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A