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ERIC Number: EJ1137160
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1552-9045
Transformational Leader as Person-Centered Communicator: Empirical Findings and Observations for Leadership Educators
Crawford, C. B.; Strohkirch, C. Sue
Journal of Leadership Education, v3 n1 p40-60 Sum 2004
This article focuses on the empirical effects of cognitive differentiation and persuasive skills on transformational, transaction, and laissez-faire leadership. Subjects (N = 294) completed measures of independent and dependent variables. Findings confirmed prior findings, however some findings reflected differences. Cognitive differentiation was positively related to transformation leadership (r = 0.16, p = 0.038), unrelated to transactional leadership (r = -0.02, ns), and negatively related to laissez-faire leadership (r = -0.22, p = 0.002). Findings were nearly identical for the persuasive skills variable showing a positive relationship with transformational leadership (r = 0.19, p = 0.021), no relationship with transactional leadership (r = -0.007, ns), and negatively related to laissez-faire leadership (r = - 0.27, p = 0.001). In a regression analysis cognitive differentiation and persuasive skills accounted for 5.4% of the unique variance of transformation leadership (F = 4.02, df = 2,139, p = 0.02). Implications to leadership educators were discussed.
Association of Leadership Educators. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A