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ERIC Number: EJ1137044
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1360-2322
Prevalence, Trends and Custody among Children of Parents with Intellectual Disabilities in Norway
Tøssebro, Jan; Midjo, Turid; Paulsen, Veronika; Berg, Berit
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v30 n3 p533-542 May 2017
Background: This study addresses children of parents with intellectual disability in Norway. The aim was to examine: (i) the impact of definitions of intellectual disability on prevalence, (ii) whether numbers were increasing, (iii) the prevalence of motherhood and fatherhood and (iv) rates of lost custody. Methods: Analyses of national registers (n = 30,834) and mapping in four municipalities (n = 85). Results: 0.19% of all children had parents with recorded intellectual disability, increasing to 0.87% with wider inclusion criteria. The number of children born to parents with intellectual disability has been declining since the mid-1980s. The proportion of mothers with intellectual disability was twice that of fathers. Parental custody was revoked for 30-50% of children, with single mothers being at particular risk. Parents with intellectual disability accounted for 20-25% of all custody cases. Conclusions: The results show that prevalence depends on the definition of intellectual disability. The decreasing number of children and the need for development of specially adapted family supports are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A