NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1136840
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Potential Risk Factors for the Development of Self-Injurious Behavior among Infants at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Dimian, Adele F.; Botteron, Kelly N.; Dager, Stephen R.; Elison, Jed T.; Estes, Annette M.; Pruett, John R., Jr.; Schultz, Robert T.; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Piven, Joseph; Wolff, Jason J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n5 p1403-1415 May 2017
Prevalence of self-injurious behavior (SIB) is as high as 50% among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Identification of risk factors for the development of SIB is critical to early intervention and prevention. However, there is little empirical research utilizing a prospective design to identify early risk factors for SIB. The purpose of this study was to evaluate behavioral characteristics predicting SIB at age 2 years among 235 infants at high familial risk for ASD. Logistic regression results indicated that presence of SIB or proto-SIB and lower developmental functioning at age 12 months significantly predicted SIB at 24 months. A pattern of persistent SIB over this period was associated with a diagnosis of autism and poorer cognitive and adaptive outcomes.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); North Carolina; Missouri (Saint Louis); Washington
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: K01MH101653; R01HD05574; P30HD03110