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ERIC Number: EJ1136439
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jul
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1931-4744
Effects of Visual Analogies on Learner Outcomes: Bridging from the Known to the Unknown
Spezzini, Susan
International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, v4 n2 Article 11 Jul 2010
This study examined the effects of visual analogies on learner outcomes in "Phonology for ESL Teachers," a challenging course within a master's degree program at a prominent university in the southeastern United States. To reduce student anxiety, facilitate Saturday classes, and bridge from the known to the unknown, concrete images (train cars) were used to represent abstract ideas. Data were analyzed from course evaluations and exams of 70 students in two non-analogy courses (2004, 2005) and 114 students in three analogy-based courses (2007, 2008, 2009) and from an electronic survey completed by 64 former students (September 2009). Course evaluations improved, exam scores increased significantly, and participants reported significant increases in their use of visual analogies when teaching. Additional qualitative and quantitative data also suggested that the use of visual analogies positively influenced satisfaction, learning, and impact on teacher pedagogy. This study offers implications for instruction, assessment, and research.
Centers for Teaching & Technology at Georgia Southern University. IJ-SoTL, Georgia Southern University, Henderson Library 1301, Statesboro, GA 30460. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Alabama
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A