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ERIC Number: EJ1136424
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Apr
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1696-2095
Acceleration, Enrichment, or Internal Differentiation--Consequences of Measures to Promote Gifted Students Anticipated by German Secondary School Teachers
Endepohls-Ulpe, Martina
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v15 n1 p147-163 Apr 2017
Introduction: In the last decades numerous measures and programs to promote gifted students have been developed worldwide. But in spite of these enhanced scientific and public efforts to improve gifted education, there are still a lot of difficulties to implement some of these measures in the daily routine of schools. The presented study examines the consequences--for students as well as for teachers--which teachers from German upper secondary ("Gymnasium") and secondary modern schools (Realschule) anticipate for measures to promote gifted students: acceleration, enrichment, internal differentiation and early placement at university. Method: 175 teachers (111 Gymnasium teachers, 64 teachers from secondary modern schools) filled in a questionnaire with 4-step Likert-Items on possible outcomes of the four different types of promotion for gifted students. Data analysis was done by 2x2x4 ANOVA with repeated measurement, with type of school and experience with measures of promotion as between subject factors, type of measure as inner subject factor and mean values on items concerning anticipated consequences as dependent variable. Results: Results show significant differences with respect to assessed outcomes between the four specified measures. Especially for early placement at university teachers feared negative consequences for students like work overload, social marginalization and lack of leisure time. For internal differentiation, the method with the most positive anticipated outcomes for students, strong negative consequences in form of work overload and organizational problems for teachers were anticipated. Conclusion: To counteract teachers'--mostly non-realistic--apprehensions and their possible negative consequences on the promotion of gifted students, it seems necessary to provide teachers with realistic information on the consequences of various measures of gifted education. In addition, methods of internal differentiation should be imparted in teacher training for secondary school teachers at universities as well as in advanced teacher training.
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A