ERIC Number: EJ1136399
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Relationships among Student, Staff, and Administrative Measures of School Climate and Student Health and Academic Outcomes
Gase, Lauren N.; Gomez, Louis M.; Kuo, Tony; Glenn, Beth A.; Inkelas, Moira; Ponce, Ninez A.
Journal of School Health, v87 n5 p319-328 May 2017
Background: School climate is an integral part of a comprehensive approach to improving the well-being of students; however, little is known about the relationships between its different domains and measures. We examined the relationships between student, staff, and administrative measures of school climate to understand the extent to which they were related to each other and student outcomes. Methods: The sample included 33,572 secondary school students from 121 schools in Los Angeles County during the 2014-2015 academic year. A multilevel regression model was constructed to examine the association between the domains and measures of school climate and 5 outcomes of student well-being: depressive symptoms or suicidal ideation, tobacco use, alcohol use, marijuana use, and grades. Results: Student, staff, and administrative measures of school climate were weakly correlated. Strong associations were found between student outcomes and student reports of engagement and safety, while school staff reports and administrative measures of school climate showed limited associations with student outcomes. Conclusions: As schools seek to measure and implement interventions aimed at improving school climate, consideration should be given to grounding these efforts in a multidimensional conceptualization of climate that values student perspectives and includes elements of both engagement and safety.
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Health, Academic Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Secondary School Students, Multiple Regression Analysis, Well Being, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Suicide, Smoking, Drinking, Marijuana, Grades (Scholastic), Drug Use, Substance Abuse, Student Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes, Administrator Attitudes, Correlation, Measurement, Safety
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Sponsor: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) (DHHS/NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)
Grant or Contract Numbers: TL1TR000121