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ERIC Number: EJ1136384
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 15
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1360-3124
Administering Discipline Differently: A Foucauldian Lens on Restorative School Discipline
Lustick, Hilary
International Journal of Leadership in Education, v20 n3 p297-311 2017
Urban school leaders are under increasing pressure--in some cases, under threat of federal investigation (US Department of Education, 2014)--to use alternative models of non-punitive discipline, known generally as positive discipline practices such as restorative discipline (American Psychological Association, 2008; Anfinson, Autumn, Lehr, Riestenberg, & Scullin, 2010; US Department of Education, 2014; Gregory, Skiba, & Noguera, 2010). According to Amstutz and Mullet (2005), the term restorative discipline, which is derived from the restorative justice approach to criminal justice, describes any activity in which individuals are able to meet with those with whom they've had a conflict; identify the underlying reasons for the conflict; repairing harm and agreeing on next steps. Restorative discipline practices can include, but are not limited to, conferences, circles, mediations and reconciliations (Wadhwa, 2010). In comparison to zero tolerance policies, current research has found restorative discipline to improve staff-student relationships (McCluskey et al., 2008) correlate with reduced suspension rates (Chin, Dowdy, Jimerson, & Rime, 2012); and improve school culture by promoting trust and communication among students (Hamilton, 2008). As restorative justice becomes part of school, district, and even federal policy, one might presume its integrity. Quantitative research studies suggest, however, that racial disproportionality persists in discipline, even in schools where restorative practices are used (Wallace, Goodkind, Wallace, & Bachman, 2008). The author calls on leaders and scholars to look beyond labels of "socially just" and "democratic" discipline to how power is exchanged in the context of restorative practices. The author suggests what Foucault's philosophy of discipline--particularly the concepts of the panopticon and the confession--can reveal about the power within the restorative process, and explains why it is crucial to examine restorative work at this micro-level.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A