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ERIC Number: EJ1135472
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0364-0213
Syntactic Change in the Parallel Architecture: The Case of Parasitic Gaps
Culicover, Peter W.
Cognitive Science, v41 suppl 2 p213-232 Mar 2017
In Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture, the well-formed expressions of a language are licensed by correspondences between phonology, syntax, and conceptual structure. I show how this architecture can be used to make sense of the existence of parasitic gap constructions. A parasitic gap is one that is rendered acceptable because of the presence of another gap in the same sentence. Compare *"a person who[subscript i] everyone who talks to t[subscript i] likes Chris," which shows an illicit extraction from a relative clause, and "a person who[subscript i] everyone who talks to pg[subscript i] likes t[subscript i]," which shows a parasitic gap in the relative clause. Languages differ in terms of the range of configurations in which they allow parasitic gaps; these configurations appear to form a hierarchy. These observations raise some fundamental questions: Why do parasitic gaps exist at all? Why are different syntactic configurations possible for P-gaps and why just these configurations? Why is there a parasitic gap hierarchy? The answers that I propose make crucial use of constructional overgeneralization of across-the-board extraction in coordinate constructions, formulated straightforwardly in the framework of Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A