ERIC Number: EJ1135311
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Development and Validation of the Critical Consciousness Scale
Diemer, Matthew A.; Rapa, Luke J.; Park, Catalina J.; Perry, Justin C.
Youth & Society, v49 n4 p461-483 May 2017
This article details the development and validation of a measure of critical consciousness, defined as the capacity of oppressed or marginalized people to critically analyze their social and political conditions, endorsement of societal equality, and action to change perceived inequities. In Study 1, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted with a diverse sample of youth, resulting in three internally consistent factors: (a) Critical Reflection: Perceived Inequality, (b) Critical Reflection: Egalitarianism, and (c) Critical Action: Sociopolitical Participation. In Study 2, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was completed with a new sample of youth. Strong model fit estimates in Study 2 confirmed the factor structure of Study 1 and resulted in a final 22-item measure called the "Critical Consciousness Scale" (CCS). The CCS has the potential to unite and advance the fragmented conceptualization and measurement of critical consciousness, the primary motivation for the development of the scale.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Test Construction, Test Validity, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Disadvantaged, Social Change, Social Justice, High School Students, Urban Youth, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A100094