NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1135189
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0309-8249
A Confucian Conception of Critical Thinking
Tan, Charlene
Journal of Philosophy of Education, v51 n1 p331-343 Feb 2017
This article proposes a Confucian conception of critical thinking by focussing on the notion of judgement. It is argued that the attainment of the Confucian ideal of "li" (normative behaviours) necessitates and promotes critical thinking in at least two ways. First, the observance of "li" requires the individual to exercise judgement by applying the generalised knowledge, norms and procedures in "dao" (Way) to particular action-situations insightfully and flexibly. Secondly, the individual's judgement, to qualify as an instance of "li", should be underpinned and motivated by the ethical quality of "ren" (humanity) that testifies to one's moral character. Two educational implications arising from a Confucian conception of critical thinking are highlighted. First, the Confucian interpretation presented in this essay challenges the perception that critical thinking is absent from or culturally incompatible with Chinese traditions. Secondly, such a conception advocates viewing critical thinking as a form of judgement that is action-oriented, spiritual, ethical and interpersonal.
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A