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ERIC Number: EJ1134763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jul
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1931-4744
Retention of Text Material under Cued and Uncued Recall and Open and Closed Book Conditions
Nevid, Jeffrey S.; Pyun, Yea Seul; Cheney, Brianna
International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, v10 n2 Article 10 Jul 2016
Evidence supports the benefits of effortful processing in strengthening retention of newly learned material. The present study compared two forms of effortful processing, uncued (free) recall and cued recall, under both open and closed book conditions, on both immediate and delayed (one-week) test performance. Participants read a section of a child psychology text and then completed either an uncued recall task in which they typed as much information as they could recall, or a cued recall task, in which they typed answers to study questions. Recall was conducted under open versus closed book conditions. No differences between cued and uncued conditions were obtained, but participants performed better on immediate test performance in the open book condition. No significant effects were found at delayed assessment. The results point to a short-term advantage of effortful review of text materials performed with access to study materials.
Centers for Teaching & Technology at Georgia Southern University. IJ-SoTL, Georgia Southern University, Henderson Library 1301, Statesboro, GA 30460. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A