ERIC Number: EJ1134361
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Predicting Dropout Using Student- and School-Level Factors: An Ecological Perspective
Wood, Laura; Kiperman, Sarah; Esch, Rachel C.; Leroux, Audrey J.; Truscott, Stephen D.
School Psychology Quarterly, v32 n1 p35-49 Mar 2017
High school dropout has been associated with negative outcomes, including increased rates of unemployment, incarceration, and mortality. Dropout rates vary significantly depending on individual and environmental factors. The purpose of our study was to use an ecological perspective to concurrently explore student- and school-level predictors associated with dropout for the purpose of better understanding how to prevent it. We used the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 dataset. Participants included 14,106 sophomores across 684 public and private schools. We identified variables of interest based on previous research on dropout and implemented hierarchical generalized linear modeling. In the final model, significant student-level predictors included academic achievement, retention, sex, family socioeconomic status (SES), and extracurricular involvement. Significant school-level predictors included school SES and school size. Race/ethnicity, special education status, born in the United States, English as first language, school urbanicity, and school region did not significantly predict dropout after controlling for the aforementioned predictors. Implications for prevention and intervention efforts within a multitiered intervention model are discussed.
Descriptors: High School Students, Predictor Variables, Dropouts, Potential Dropouts, Ecological Factors, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Dropout Prevention, Longitudinal Studies, Academic Achievement, School Holding Power, Gender Differences, Family Income, Socioeconomic Status, Extracurricular Activities, School Size, Race, Ethnicity, Special Education, Citizenship, English, Native Language, School Location, Probability, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A