ERIC Number: EJ1134138
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Performing Inferential Statistics Prior to Data Collection
Trafimow, David; MacDonald, Justin A.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v77 n2 p204-219 Apr 2017
Typically, in education and psychology research, the investigator collects data and subsequently performs descriptive and inferential statistics. For example, a researcher might compute group means and use the null hypothesis significance testing procedure to draw conclusions about the populations from which the groups were drawn. We propose an alternative inferential statistical procedure that is performed prior to data collection rather than afterwards. To use this procedure, the researcher specifies how "close" she or he desires the group means to be to their corresponding population means and how "confident" she or he wishes to be that this actually is so. We derive an equation that provides researchers with a way to determine the sample size needed to meet the specifications concerning closeness and confidence, regardless of the number of groups.
Descriptors: Statistical Inference, Statistics, Data Collection, Equations (Mathematics), Sample Size, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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