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ERIC Number: EJ1134053
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0020-4277
Observing Complex Systems Thinking in the Zone of Proximal Development
Danish, Joshua; Saleh, Asmalina; Andrade, Alejandro; Bryan, Branden
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, v45 n1 p5-24 Feb 2017
Our paper builds on the construct of the zone of proximal development (ZPD) (Vygotsky in Mind in society: the development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1978) to analyze the relationship between students' answers and the help they receive as they construct them. We report on a secondary analysis of classroom and interview data that was collected with 1st and 2nd grade students completing a short scaffolded inquiry project designed to help them learn about how honeybees collect nectar. We explore how the progression of questions reveal students' understanding of complex systems by examining how students' progression through the questions tended to become more sophisticated as we increased support. We further compare two complex-systems perspectives, Component-Mechanism-Phenomena and agent-based approaches, to see how each would categorize students' explanations. Findings demonstrate the value of the ZPD as an analytic framework in exploring students' systems understanding in terms of the nature of questions (e.g., sequencing, type of question) and multiple conceptual models (e.g., component-mechanisms-phenomenon, single agent or aggregate behaviors), and how this might impact students' groupings according to their ability and subsequent instructional support.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A