ERIC Number: EJ1133681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
A Comparison of Schools: Teacher Knowledge of Explicit Code-Based Reading Instruction
Cohen, Rebecca A.; Mather, Nancy; Schneider, Deborah A.; White, Jennifer M.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v30 n4 p653-690 Apr 2017
One-hundred-fourteen kindergarten through third-grade teachers from seven different schools were surveyed using "The Survey of Preparedness and Knowledge of Language Structure Related to Teaching Reading to Struggling Students." The purpose was to compare their definitions and application knowledge of language structure, phonics, and other code-based concepts, as well as their perceptions of their own knowledge as operationalized in a scale designed to measure participants' confidence in their responses. Participants were divided into groups based on their districts' use or non-use of a scripted, code-based reading program. The code-based reading program group comprised 60 teacher participants, and the no code-based reading program group comprised 54 participants. Multivariate analysis of covariance revealed no significant differences between groups in definitions or application knowledge, once demographic differences were accounted for. Analyses of covariance revealed no significant differences in perceptions of knowledge after accounting for relevant covariates. Multiple regression analyses demonstrated the variance contribution of condition and demographic variables to obtained knowledge to be non-significant, and partial correlation analyses showed only weak, often non-significant correlations between perceived knowledge and obtained knowledge. Overall poor survey performance indicated that the majority of teachers in both conditions did not possess the necessary code-based reading knowledge or application skills to effectively teach struggling readers. The results of this study suggest that the use of a scripted, code-based reading program does not guarantee mastery of language structure, phonics, and other code-based concepts.
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Teachers, Preschool Teachers, Teacher Surveys, Reading Instruction, Reading Difficulties, Teaching Methods, Comparative Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis, Correlation, Decoding (Reading), Phonics, Knowledge Level, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Kindergarten; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 1; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A