ERIC Number: EJ1133476
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Early Noun and Verb Production Predict Later Verb and Noun Production? Theoretical Implications
Longobardi, Emiddia; Spataro, Pietro; Putnick, Diane L.; Bornstein, Marc H.
Journal of Child Language, v44 n2 p480-495 Mar 2017
Many studies have addressed the question of the relative dominance of nouns over verbs in the productive vocabularies of children in the second year of life. Surprisingly, cross-class (noun-to-verb and verb-to-noun) relations between these two lexical categories have seldom been investigated. The present longitudinal study employed observational and parent-report data obtained from thirty mother-child dyads at 1;4, 1;8, and 2;0 to examine this issue. Both the Natural Partitions/Relational Relativity (NP/RR) hypothesis and the Emergentist Coalition Model (ECM) predict that having an initial repertoire of common nouns should facilitate the acquisition of novel verbs, whereas only the ECM suggests that children exploit the syntactic and semantic constraints of known verbs to infer the meaning of novel nouns. In line with the ECM, hierarchical regression analyses indicated that the percentages of nouns produced by children at 1;4 predicted later verbs at 1;8, whereas the percentages of verbs produced at 1;8 predicted later nouns at 2;0.
Descriptors: Nouns, Verbs, Prediction, Regression (Statistics), Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Toddlers, Longitudinal Studies, Syntax, Semantics, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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