ERIC Number: EJ1133405
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
How Do Chinese Speakers of English Manage Rapport in Extended Concurrent Speech?
Multilingua: Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, v36 n2 p181-204 Mar 2017
Little research has focused on extended concurrent speech, unexpected floor taking, or topic switching, since it has been deemed rare (Schegloff 2000. "Overlapping talk and the organization of turn-taking for conversation." "Language in Society" 29(1). 1-63.) or inappropriate (Goldberg 1990." Interrupting the discourse on interruptions: An analysis in terms of relationally neutral, power- and rapport-oriented acts." "Journal of Pragmatics" 14(6). 883-903; Giora 1998. "Discourse coherence is an independent notion: A reply to Deirdre Wilson." "Journal of Pragmatics" 29(1). 75-86). This study integrated Spencer-Oatey's (2008. Face, (im)politeness and rapport. In Helen Spencer-Oatey (ed.), "Culturally speaking: Culture, communication and politeness theory", 11-47. London: Continuum) rapport management model with the community of practice model (Wenger 1998. "Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) to investigate extended concurrent speech for floor taking or topic switching. Data were derived from approximately 49 hours of conversations at the English-Corner community of practice and follow-up interviews with ten of the participants. Interactional sociolinguistic methods were employed. Extended concurrent speech for floor taking or topic switching was found to be used as a resource for rapport management. Most of the instances appeared to be face-maintaining and rapport-maintaining; some were face-enhancing and rapport-enhancing. The few potentially face-threatening instances turned out to be rapport-maintaining. These might result from the participants' interactional goals, rights preservation, or identity revelation/negotiation, and the informality of the context. The ten interviewees provided insights that corroborated the analysis.
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Usage, Communities of Practice, Interviews, Sociolinguistics, Speech Communication, Interpersonal Relationship, Foreign Countries, Asian Culture, Cultural Influences, Interpersonal Communication, Coding, College Faculty, Language Teachers, Second Language Learning, Discourse Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China