ERIC Number: EJ1133182
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Effects of ABRACADBRA Instruction on Spelling in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Bailey, Benjamin; Arciuli, Joanne; Stancliffe, Roger J.
Scientific Studies of Reading, v21 n2 p146-164 2017
This study explored the effects of an evidence-based literacy program, ABRACADABRA, on the spelling abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty children with ASD aged 5-11 years were assigned to matched instruction and waitlist control groups. Children in the instruction group received 26 hrs of individualized, home-based instruction using ABRACADABRA over a 13-week period. Results showed no change in children's conventional spelling accuracy skills following ABRACADABRA instruction. However, an analysis of spelling attempts using the Computerized Spelling Sensitivity System (Masterson & Hrbec, 2011) revealed statistically significant gains in linguistic spelling accuracy for children in the instruction group relative to the waitlist control group, with large effect sizes. These findings suggest that ABRACADABRA improves aspects of spelling ability in children with ASD and that the Computerized Spelling Sensitivity System is a useful tool for detecting changes in the spelling abilities of children with ASD following literacy instruction.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Spelling Instruction, Computer Assisted Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Evidence Based Practice, Matched Groups, Control Groups, Comparative Analysis, Individual Instruction, Home Instruction, Skill Development, Accuracy, Achievement Gains, Statistical Significance, Improvement, Effect Size, Hypothesis Testing, Pretests Posttests, Behavior Rating Scales, Adjustment (to Environment), Verbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Vocabulary, Receptive Language, Phonological Awareness, Reading Tests, Achievement Tests, Fidelity, Scores, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wide Range Achievement Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A