ERIC Number: EJ1133069
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
The Moderating Influence of Higher Education in Progressive Cultures on Levels of Individual Authoritarianism: Its Relevance to the Needs of Developing Countries
Rusby, J. S. M.
Higher Education Review, v45 n3 p56-68 Sum 2013
This review introduces the concept of individual authoritarianism as defined by Adorno et al (1950) and examines the research evidence which reveals that this personality trait may be significantly reduced by a university education in a progressive socio-political culture. The paper initially summarises the evidence for the origins of individual authoritarianism, including the effects of upbringing and family influence, and then shows that notwithstanding these contributions in childhood and adolescence it is that of higher educational level which has the greatest long-term moderating influence. However the global evidence given indicates that this last effect is dependent on the cultural and political outlook of the host country. The importance of this finding in terms of international assistance for students from the poorest nations with non-democratic regimes is discussed and the paper summarises the present financial assistance available for such students to study in western nations. Based on the most effective of the present schemes recommendations are made for extending such financial assistance.
Descriptors: Higher Education, Authoritarianism, Family Influence, Developing Nations, Financial Support, Personality Traits, Cultural Influences, Political Influences, Study Abroad, Educational Finance, Parenting Styles, Foreign Students, Educational Policy, Scholarships, Student Recruitment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A