ERIC Number: EJ1132641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Loss of Institutional Trust among Racial and Ethnic Minority Adolescents: A Consequence of Procedural Injustice and a Cause of Life-Span Outcomes
Yeager, David S.; Purdie-Vaughns, Valerie; Hooper, Sophia Yang; Cohen, Geoffrey L.
Child Development, v88 n2 p658-676 Mar-Apr 2017
This research tested a social-developmental process model of trust discernment. From sixth to eighth grade, White and African American students were surveyed twice yearly (ages 11-14; Study 1, N = 277). African American students were more aware of racial bias in school disciplinary decisions, and as this awareness grew it predicted a loss of trust in school, leading to a large trust gap in seventh grade. Loss of trust by spring of seventh grade predicted African Americans' subsequent discipline infractions and 4-year college enrollment. Causality was confirmed with a trust-restoring "wise feedback" treatment delivered in spring of seventh grade that improved African Americans' eighth-grade discipline and college outcomes. Correlational findings were replicated with Latino and White students (ages 11-14; Study 2, N = 206).
Descriptors: Adolescents, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, White Students, African American Students, Student Surveys, Trust (Psychology), Minority Group Students, Racial Bias, Hispanic American Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 8
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 0723909|DRL1109548