ERIC Number: EJ1132607
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Genetic and Environmental Links between Natural Language Use and Cognitive Ability in Toddlers
Canfield, Caitlin F.; Edelson, Lisa R.; Saudino, Kimberly J.
Child Development, v88 n2 p573-583 Mar-Apr 2017
Although the phenotypic correlation between language and nonverbal cognitive ability is well-documented, studies examining the etiology of the covariance between these abilities are scant, particularly in very young children. The goal of this study was to address this gap in the literature by examining the genetic and environmental links between language use, assessed through conversational language samples, and nonverbal cognition in a sample of 3-year-old twins (N = 281 pairs). Significant genetic and nonshared environmental influences were found for nonverbal cognitive ability and language measures, including mean length of utterance and number of different words, as well as significant genetic covariance between cognitive ability and both language measures.
Descriptors: Genetics, Environmental Influences, Nonverbal Ability, Language Acquisition, Measures (Individuals), Cognitive Ability, Language Usage, Correlation, Language Aptitude, Toddlers, Twins, Schemata (Cognition), Vocabulary Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MH062375|R01HD068435