ERIC Number: EJ1132495
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Insights into Teaching Quantum Mechanics in Secondary and Lower Undergraduate Education
Krijtenburg-Lewerissa, K.; Pol, H. J.; Brinkman, A.; van Joolingen, W. R.
Physical Review Physics Education Research, v13 n1 p010109-1-010109-21 Jan-Jun 2017
This study presents a review of the current state of research on teaching quantum mechanics in secondary and lower undergraduate education. A conceptual approach to quantum mechanics is being implemented in more and more introductory physics courses around the world. Because of the differences between the conceptual nature of quantum mechanics and classical physics, research on misconceptions, testing, and teaching strategies for introductory quantum mechanics is needed. For this review, 74 articles were selected and analyzed for the misconceptions, research tools, teaching strategies, and multimedia applications investigated. Outcomes were categorized according to their contribution to the various subtopics of quantum mechanics. Analysis shows that students have difficulty relating quantum physics to physical reality. It also shows that the teaching of complex quantum behavior, such as time dependence, superposition, and the measurement problem, has barely been investigated for the secondary and lower undergraduate level. At the secondary school level, this article shows a need to investigate student difficulties concerning wave functions and potential wells. Investigation of research tools shows the necessity for the development of assessment tools for secondary and lower undergraduate education, which cover all major topics and are suitable for statistical analysis. Furthermore, this article shows the existence of very diverse ideas concerning teaching strategies for quantum mechanics and a lack of research into which strategies promote understanding. This article underlines the need for more empirical research into student difficulties, teaching strategies, activities, and research tools intended for a conceptual approach for quantum mechanics.
Descriptors: Quantum Mechanics, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, College Science, Undergraduate Study, Introductory Courses, Educational Research, Misconceptions, Research Tools, Teaching Methods, Multimedia Materials, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A