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ERIC Number: EJ1132400
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
University Support, Adjustment, and Mental Health in Tertiary Education Students in Hong Kong
Leung, Chi Hung
Asia Pacific Education Review, v18 n1 p115-122 Mar 2017
Depression, anxiety, and stress of moderate to severe levels were found in 21, 41, and 27% of university students in Hong Kong, respectively. The development of a screening tool for assessing adjustment difficulties among tertiary education students is helpful for counseling professionals in university. The Student Perception of University Support and Structure (SPUSS) scale, based on concepts articulated in Baumrind's theory of parenting styles, is to measure how supportive and structured the college environment is. The present study used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to examine whether the SPUSS' structure is consistent with the typology of four parenting styles. Secondly, factor scores were used to test the hypothesis that a supportive and structured university environment would be associated with students' psychological adjustment as indicated by measures of depression, anxiety, and stress. Participants were 773 tertiary education students aged 18-25 from three Hong Kong universities. The SPUSS shows a four-factor structure consistent with models of parenting styles; the factor scores have excellent psychometric properties; and the factors represent students' views of the university environment as authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful. This model is different from Yau's three-factor data-driven model, which identified factors representing psychological, academic, and social adjustment. (2) This study provides evidence of validity in that higher scores on the authoritative factor were related to the lower levels of anxiety, depression, and stress.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hong Kong
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A