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ERIC Number: EJ1132203
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Is Conflict Adaptation Due to Active Regulation or Passive Carry-Over? Evidence from Eye Movements
Hubbard, Jason; Kuhns, David; Schäfer, Theo A. J.; Mayr, Ulrich
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v43 n3 p385-393 Mar 2017
Conflict-adaptation effects (i.e., reduced response-time costs on high-conflict trials following high-conflict trials) supposedly represent our cognitive system's ability to regulate itself according to current processing demands. However, currently it is not clear whether these effects reflect conflict-triggered, active regulation, or passive carry-over of previous-trial control settings. We used eye movements to examine whether the degree of "experienced" conflict modulates conflict-adaptation effects, as the conflict-triggered regulation view predicts. Across 2 experiments in which participants had to identify a target stimulus based on an endogenous cue while--on conflict trials--having to resist a sudden-onset distractor, we found a clear indication of conflict adaptation. This adaptation effect disappeared however, when participants inadvertently fixated the sudden-onset distractor on the previous trial--that is, when they experienced a high degree of conflict. This pattern of results suggests that conflict adaptation can be explained parsimoniously in terms of a broader memory process that retains recently adopted control settings across trials.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Oregon
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A