ERIC Number: EJ1132039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
A Test of Attention Control Theory in Public Speaking: Cognitive Load Influences the Relationship between State Anxiety and Verbal Production
King, Paul E.; Finn, Amber N.
Communication Education, v66 n2 p168-182 2017
This study investigated the relationship between public-speaking state anxiety (PSA) and verbal communication performance when delivering a speech. In Study 1, participants delivered an extemporaneous five-minute classroom speech behind a lectern, and in Study 2, to increase cognitive load, participants delivered an extemporaneous five-minute classroom speech peripatetically. In line with attention control theory (ACT), anxiety and verbal performance were found to be unrelated under normal circumstances but inversely related under conditions of significant cognitive load. The project demonstrates the relevance of ACT in disentangling the impact of anxiety on verbal communication performance. An implication for public speakers is that anxiety is unlikely to affect language behavior in typical speaking settings.
Descriptors: Attention Control, Public Speaking, Anxiety, Verbal Communication, Cognitive Ability, Performance, Speeches, Classroom Environment, Communications, Introductory Courses, Undergraduate Students, Teaching Methods, Likert Scales, Measures (Individuals), Language Usage
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory