ERIC Number: EJ1131841
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Deficits in Coordinative Bimanual Timing Precision in Children with Specific Language Impairment
Vuolo, Janet; Goffman, Lisa; Zelaznik, Howard N.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v60 n2 p393-405 Feb 2017
Purpose: Our objective was to delineate components of motor performance in specific language impairment (SLI); specifically, whether deficits in timing precision in one effector (unimanual tapping) and in two effectors (bimanual clapping) are observed in young children with SLI. Method: Twenty-seven 4- to 5-year-old children with SLI and 21 age-matched peers with typical language development participated. All children engaged in a unimanual tapping and a bimanual clapping timing task. Standard measures of language and motor performance were also obtained. Results: No group differences in timing variability were observed in the unimanual tapping task. However, compared with typically developing peers, children with SLI were more variable in their timing precision in the bimanual clapping task. Nine of the children with SLI performed greater than 1 SD below the mean on a standardized motor assessment. The children with low motor performance showed the same profile as observed across all children with SLI, with unaffected unimanual and impaired bimanual timing precision. Conclusions: Although unimanual timing is unaffected, children with SLI show a deficit in timing that requires bimanual coordination. We propose that the timing deficits observed in children with SLI are associated with the increased demands inherent in bimanual performance.
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Task Analysis, Matched Groups, Standardized Tests, Motor Reactions, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01DC04826