ERIC Number: EJ1130949
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Spillover Effects in Environmental Behaviors, across Time and Context: A Review and Research Agenda
Nilsson, Andreas; Bergquist, Magnus; Schultz, Wesley P.
Environmental Education Research, v23 n4 p573-589 2017
When implementing environmental education and interventions to promote one pro-environmental behavior, it is seldom asked if and how non-target pro-environmental behaviors are affected. The spillover effect proposes that engaging in one behavior affects the probability of engagement or disengaging in a second behavior. Therefore, the positive spillover effect predicts that interventions targeting one specific behavioral have the capacity to promote non-targeted and/or future pro-environmental behaviors. However, the negative spillover effect predicts that engaging in a first pro-environmental behavior will prevent or decrease a second pro-environmental behavior. Since the theoretical and empirical basis for positive and negative spillover effects are not sufficiently understood, the present paper (1) suggests a distinction between behavioral, temporal, and contextual spillovers (2) reviews the existing spillover research literature across a variety of environmental domains, (3) presents potential moderators governing the direction of spillover effects, and finally (4) discuss techniques to promote pro-environmental spillovers.
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Intervention, Probability, Positive Behavior Supports, Behavior Change, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Behavior Theories, Performance Factors, Change Strategies, Affective Objectives, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
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