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ERIC Number: EJ1130772
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-7925
The Failure of Progressive Paradigm Reversal
Guthrie, Gerard
Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, v47 n1 p62-76 2017
The student-centred, progressive paradigm has not had sustained success in changing teacher-centred, formalistic practices in "developing" country classrooms. Does "Gestalt-switch" and paradigm reversal demonstrate that progressive theory has realigned with formalistic reality, or has it remained axiomatic in the research and evaluation literature? This review classifies the literature about progressive reforms into six types of findings from positive to negative. Claims for progressive successes are embedded in widespread validity, reliability, generalisability and relevance limitations. Different approaches to culture exist, while migrating definitions of child- and learner-centred education indicate semantic confusion and cognitive dissonance. Axiomatic assumptions about progressivism continue, while there is little indication of Gestalt-switch or paradigm reversal. Thus, formalism should replace progressivism as the primary frame of reference for classroom change in contexts where it is appropriate. Meanwhile, the progressive paradigm has become a heavily distorted ahistorical cage showing classic symptoms of resistance to intellectual change.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A